Elafonisos is a place noted for its unique plant life.

The entire island is included within the European network of protected areas “NATURA 2000“.

The major elements of the area are the two bird watching spots, the Strongyli wetland at Pounta beach across the island and the small Limnitsa lake at Kato Nisi beach. Significant local nature characteristics are  the great sand dunes, the cedar forests and the endemic plant species which can be found only in Elafonisos.